Second Opinion on general mammology

Expert opinions and online advice on general mammology delivered via your computer or mobile device. Second opinion is available wherever there is an internet. All you need is a PC or a smartphone.

General mammology

A second opinion on general breast care issues may be of help in the case of a number of non-malignant conditions including:

  • congenital abnormalities;
  • maldevelopment of the mammary gland;
  • painful breasts (mastodynia);
  • swellings, lumps, cysts (mastopathy);
  • inflammation (mastitis);
  • benign neoplasms (fibroadenomas, mammary duct papillomas) and cysts.

Most breast conditions are benign and not life-threatening. Often, no treatment is needed. In contrast, breast cancer can mean the loss of a breast or life. Therefore, it is many women's greatest fear. However, potential problems can often be identified early with the help of regular self-examination, doctors visits and mammography screening in accordance with physician recommendations. Early detection of breast malignancy can be instrumental in successful treatment.

Symptoms of breast disorders

Conditions related to the breast are quite common. Worldwide, they are the reason for more than 15 million doctor appointments each year. These symptoms include:

  • breast pain;
  • lumps;
  • nipple discharge;
  • breast skin abnormalities (lumps, dimples, redness, thickening)

Breast complaints do not necessarily mean that a woman has breast cancer or another serious disease. For example, breast pain that occurs monthly and is related to hormonal changes before a menstrual period does not indicate a serious disorder.

However, it is necessary to see a doctor, for example, if there is a mass palpably different from the rest of the breast tissue, or a lump that adheres to the skin or breast wall.

Breast disease evaluation

A key element for an accurate assessment is obtaining a comprehensive case history, including present and past complaints, family history, etc.

In a remote consultation, it may be part of the preliminary procedure, the case history being taken by way of filling out a detailed questionnaire.

In the majority of situations, some kind of imaging studies will also be necessary. They may include X-ray (mammogram), ultrasound, and breast MRI. Each radiology diagnostic procedure has its specific purpose. Their use depends on the patient’s age, physiology, complaints, and, sometimes, family history relating to breast disorders.


What is the service about?

A second opinion on general mammology is a service which makes it possible to get a remote consultation of a qualified specialist, based on available medical summary or study results.

It might be helpful:

  • to confirm the existing diagnosis;
  • to make sure that the recommended treatment, e.g. a surgery, is correct;
  • to obtain information on the advanced methods of the diagnostics and treatment of benign breast conditions;
  • to make the right choice if there are two or more possible therapeutic options;
  • to get an expert review of previously performed exams.


A diagnostic conclusion and suggested treatment or follow-up care plan, based on the available data. If the data is insufficient, additional exams will be recommended.


Written reports:

  • Medical report (advisable)
  • Laboratory test results (hormones, tumor markers) – advisable
  • Breast ultrasound report – advisable
  • Mammography report – desirable
  • Breast MRI report - desirable
  • Up to 5 pages are included in the basic fee

Radiology scans:

  • Mammography
  • Breast MRI
  • Up to 2 studies are included


Written second opinion:

  • A written review of the available medical data, including the consulting specialist's conclusions and suggestions of treatment/follow-up procedures, or recommendations of follow-up diagnostics. Report size: up to 1 page.

Video consultation:

  • All services contained in the written second opinion plus an up to 10-minute telephone talk in which the consulting expert shall check the symptoms, explain the suggested treatment plan and answer the patient's questions.

Phone consultation:

  • All services contained in the written second opinion plus an up to 10-minute video conference with the expert including visual examination, symptoms check, comment on radiology exams, explanation of the suggested treatment plan and answering the patient's questions.

Specialists in General mammology

You do not have to spend hours getting through busy hospital lines, or sitting in waiting rooms. Expert advice will be delivered fast and free of your effort.

Rating — [[ item.rating ]] [[ ]]


Rating — [[ item.rating ]] Review — [[ ]] Experience — [[ item.experience ]]

Communication language:

Nothing found, try changing search options


What is a breast care specialist?

Breast problems need to be taken quite seriously. How often should I visit a field-specific physician? What preventive actions are appropriate? How can modern mastology help in disease detection? All these issues are dealt with in our post about the key features of breast care specialist work. 

Breast Cancer Treatment Without Chemotherapy

Thanks to new studies, it is now possible to successfully treat breast cancer without chemotherapy. One of the leading German mammologists, Dr. Oleg Gluz, reported about it at the 2022 ESMO Congress.

All articles