Expert opinions and online advice on general cardiology delivered via your computer or mobile device. Second opinion is available wherever there is an internet. All you need is a PC or a smartphone.
The heart is one of the first organs formed in the body during embryonic development, and is the most important organ of the human body. It provides a constant supply of blood, oxygen and nutrients to all other organs and tissues. It is a kind of "pump" that keeps the blood circulating.
Cardiology (from the Greek "kardia" = heart) as a branch of medicine deals with the heart’s structure, functions and diseases and searches for methods to treat cardiovascular disorders.
What are the heart & blood vessels diseases?
They are also called cardiovascular disorders and include conditions of the heart and the arteries, excluding the veins or lymph vessels. They are the most common and dangerous non-infectious diseases of the 21st century. However, with timely detection and the right therapeutic tactics, they can be treated well.
As defined by the World Health Organization, the major cardiovascular conditions include:
- high blood pressure (hypertension);
- coronary heart disease (myocardial infarction);
- heart failure;
- rheumatic heart disease;
- diseases of the heart muscle (cardiomyopathies);
- congenital heart defects.
Typically, heart problems may be indicated by:
- angina/thoracic pain (dull, oppressive, sometimes burning chest pain, which is often a sign of insufficient blood flow to the heart muscle);
- shortness of breath (a feeling of difficulty in breathing);
- pale skin (cause for concern if present for a long time or with other symptoms);
- chronic fatigue;
- fast or irregular heartbeat;
- abnormally low blood pressure (hypotension);
- dizziness and fainting (syncope).
If you have these symptoms, you should see a cardiovascular specialist.
What is the service about?
A second opinion on general cardiology is a service which makes it possible to get a remote consultation of a qualified specialist, based on available medical summary or study results.
It might be helpful:
• to confirm the existing diagnosis;
• to make sure that the recommended treatment is correct;
• to obtain information on advanced methods of diagnostics and treatment relating to general cardiology issues;
• to get expert commentary on previously performed exam results;
• to make the right choice if there are two or more possible therapeutic options.
What will the client get?
A diagnostic conclusion, observation and treatment proposals, based on the provided information. In case of the provided initial data incompleteness, will be given recommendations for additional examinations.
What data should be provided to get a second opinion?
- Medical report (desirable)
- The results of the examinations, including ECG at rest and under stress, echocardiography, Holter monitoring, pulmonary function examination (desirable)
- List of medications, along with details of dosage and frequency of use (required)
- Laboratory test results (desirable)
- Heart and coronary vessels CT with angiography (desirable)
- Heart MRI with provocative testing (desirable)
- Cardiac catheter examination (desirable)
What are the second opinion formats and terms?
Written second opinion:
- Making a report based on the data provided, the consulting specialist summary including a diagnostic report and recommendations for further diagnostic, treatment and observation tactics. Report size: up to 1 page.
- All services of written second opinion. Additionally:, a 10-minute video consultation with a doctor, including a visual patient examination, clarification of symptoms, radiology images consulting, explanation of the proposed treatment tactics, answering patient's questions.
- All services of written second opinion. Additionally: a 10-minute telephone consultation with a doctor, including clarification of symptoms, explanation of the proposed treatment tactics, answering patient's questions.
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When is cardiac catheterization necessary? What are the diagnostic and therapeutic uses of this method? Can coronarography be performed in all cases, or is a differentiated approach preferable? Leading German cardiologists answer all these questions in this article.